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Friday 7th June 2019 – Palazzo del Bo, Archivio Antico

Chairs: R. Ballestriero, F. Zampieri


08:00        Registration


08:30        Congress Opening - Authorities 


09:30        W. Edwards, Gordon Museum of pathology, Kings College, London

                ‘The Alice Gretner collection rescued from obscurity, repaired and soon ready to be used as always intended for Medical                             Education’


10:00       R. De Caro, A. Emmi, R. Boscolo-Berto, C. Tortorella, A. Porzionato, V. Macchi

                Section of Human Anatomy, Department of Neuroscience, University of Padua, Italy

                ‘The Anatomist’s Perspective: Ceroplastics and Anatomical Preparations in the context of Anatomo-clinical education’


10:30        F. Barbagli, ANMS, Museum of Zoology and Natural History “La Specola”, University of Florence

                ‘Didactic objects, artworks or museum artefacts? A museological approach to wax modelling’


11:00        Coffee break 15 minutes


11:15        J. Pardo Tomas, A. Zarzoso, Museu d’Historia de la Medicina de Catalunya, University of Barcelona

                ‘Travelling exhibitions and wax makers on the move: anatomies in early 19th-Century Barcelona’


11:45        R. Toni, Department of Medicine and Surgery, University of Parma School of Medicine

                ‘The masks of Lorenzo Tenchini at the University of Parma: their legacy to the modern concepts of facial transplantation, additive                 layer manufacturing, and facial recognition algorithms’


12:15        L. de Rooy, Vrolik Museum, Amsterdam

                ‘What Ziegler did not provide: the embryological plate models of Amsterdam anatomist Louis Bolk (1866-1930)’


12:45        F. M. Galassi, Flinders University, Adelaide, Australia

                ‘Plague: from paleopathology to wax modelling’


13:15        Lunch Break


Chairs: F. Monza, A. Zanatta


14:15        A. Cozza, G. B. Nardelli, M. Rippa Bonati, University of Padova

                ‘The wax models of the Paduan Obstetrical Clinic’



14:45        K. Schlegel, Kunstkammer & Schatzkammer, Vienna

                ‘Wax Artefacts in the Kunstkammer of Archduke Ferdinand II (1529-1595) in Ambras Castle’


15:15        S. Hecker, Milan

                ‘Not Modelled:  Medardo Rosso’s Waxes’


15:45        Coffee break 15 minutes


16:00         M. A. Miranda Razo, Master Artisan, Mexico City, licenciatura en Arte y Tradición, CMA, Cuernavaca, Morelos, Mexico

                ‘The Art of Ceroplastic, or Wax, Modelling in Mexico’


16:15        A. Bazarte Martinez, Instituto Politecnico Nacional, Mexico City

                ‘The ‘corposanto’ of St. Philip Neri and his veneration in convents of its Order in New Spain’


16:30        E. Crook, Ruskin School of Arts, Oxford

                ‘The resurrection of wax as bronze: using the renaissance wax modelling techniques of Habsburg bell casting for a new statue’


17:00        R. Ballestriero1, M. Tosa2, 1UAL – Gordon Museum, 2Accademia di Belle Arti di Venezia

                ‘From the Doge’s funeral masks to the children with no names. The art of wax modelling in Venice’


17:30        Visit to Palazzo del Bo


19:00        Private Visit to the Museum Morgagni 


                Inauguration - Exhibition: “Inside the Form”, 

                Drawings of the School of Artistic Anatomy Academy of Fine Arts, Venice


20:30        Congress Dinner: Ristorante Isola di Caprera.




Saturday 8th June 2019 – Istituto Anatomico, Aula Cagnetto

Chairs: R. Ballestriero, F. M., Galassi


09:00        C. Sharpe, A. Zarzoso, Museu d’Historia de la Medicina de Catalunya, University of Barcelona

                ‘Wax models in Barcelona: from university anatomical sculptors to makers of dermatological waxworks’


09:30        T. Schnalke, Berliner Medizinhistorisches Museum der Charité

                ‘Finger Faces. Wax Hand Models and Moulages in Medicine’


10:00        A. Maruri Palacín, Museo Olavide, Madrid

                ‘Following the tracks of the past: The recuperation of the Olavide Museum’


10:30        F. Zampieri, A. Zanatta, University of Padova

                ‘The anatomical waxes in the early stage of smallpox vaccination’


11:00        I. Cenzi, Author, Cultural History/Death Studies Independent Scholar, Rome

                ‘Saints, Mothers & Afrodites: Seduction and Dissection of the Female Body’


11:30        Coffee break 20 minutes        



Istituto Anatomico – Aula Cagnetto

Chairs: F. Monza, F. M. Galassi


11:50        A. Porro, P. M. Galimberti, D. Bellettati, B. Falconi, L. Lorusso, A. F. Franchini, Dipartimento di Scienze Cliniche e di Comunità, 

                Università degli Studi, Milano

                ‘Scientific Ceroplasty in Milan: New Research Acquisitions’


12:10        B. Lasters1,6, A. Van de Velde1,6, P. Pollier6,7, F. Van Glabbeek1,6, R. van Hee5, 

                M. Demolder2,4, D. Ermens3,4, T. Deneire4, T. Noordermeer4, 1Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, University of Antwerp,                        2Faculty of Pharmaceutical, Biomedical and Veterinary Sciences, University of Antwerp, 3Faculty of Arts, Research Centre                             Ruusbroec Institute, University of Antwerp, 4University of Antwerp Library, 5Museum of the History of Health Sciences, Antwerp, 

                 6Biological and Medical Art Belgium BIOMAB 7 Art Researches Science International Collaborations ARSIC

                 ‘Ziegler‘s three-dimensional ceroplastic models in a young universities academic heritage collection’


12:30        F. Loy, Museum of Clemente Susini’s anatomical waxes, Department of Biomedical Sciences, University of Cagliari, Italy

                ‘Further anatomical findings in the Anatomical Wax models of Susini and Boi at the University of Cagliari’


12:50        M. Sticherling, Department of Dermatology/University Hospitals Erlangen, Germany

                ‘Dermatological moulages – the artists behind the objects’


13:10        N. Galland, N. Díaz, Palacio de la Escuela de Medicina, UNAM, Mexico City, Mexico

                ‘A capite ad calcem. Anatomical wax models become the face of a literary and multimedia project’


13:30         Lunch Break


14:30         V. Papa, E. Varotto, F. M. Galassi, Università degli Studi di Cassino e del Lazio Meridionale

                ‘The anatomical machines of the Cappella Sansevero: historical and paleopathological analysis of a myth’


14:50         R. Hilloowala, Division of Anatomy, West Virginia University HSN, Morgantown, USA 

                ‘Gaetano Zumbo’s Teatrini: Concealed?’


15:10         S. Carraro1, E. Åhrén2, 1Museum of Wax Moulages of the University Hospital and the University of Zurich. 2Unit for Medical History                 and Heritage Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm, Sweden

                ‘Recovering a forgotten collection: Unique moulages from Karolinska Institutet, Stockholm’


15:30         N. N. Aldini1, E. Armocida2, A. Ruggeri3, 1Società Italiana di Storia della Medicina, 2Università degli Studi di Parma, 3Università

                degli Studi di Bologna

                ‘Anatomical wax modelling in modern Egypt: Leon Gatineau, his craft and his contribute to ceroplastic technique’


15:50         Coffee break 20 minutes




Aula Falloppia 

Chairs: R. Ballestriero, F. Barbagli


11:50         L. Corrain, O. Mosca, Museo di Palazzo Poggi, Alma Mater Studiorum – Università di Bologna

                ‘Anna Morandi: Bolognese ceroplastics between practice and theory’


12:10         C. Millett, The Pennsylvania State University, USA

                ‘The Spectacle of the Anatomy Theater’


12:30         E. Corradini, C. Mascardi, Università di Modena e Reggio Emilia, Dipartimento di Ingegneria Enzo Ferrari

                ‘Rethinking and reinterpreting the 18 th – 19 th century wax models of the Università di Modena e Reggio Emilia’s Museum System                 (In studiis artistarum project)’


12:50         K. Johnson, Independent art historian, USA

                ‘The Skinless Body as Anatomical Coup: Phenomenology of Wax & Plastination’


13:10        L. Cunningham, Assistant Conservator at the Collections and Conservation Centre for Museums and Heritage Services, City of

                Toronto, Canada

                ‘Waxing and Waning: The Curious Case of an Early Department Store Wax Mannequin’


13:30         Lunch Break


14:30         M. Raudino1, M. Ambrosi1, G. Pieraccini2, M. Galeotti3, C. Corti4, 1Department of Chemistry Ugo Schiff, University of Florence,

                2Mass Spectrometry Center (CISM), University of Florence. 3Opificio delle Pietre Dure, Laboratorio Scientifico, Florence. 4Museum                 of Natural History of the University of Florence, ‘‘La Specola’’.

                ‘The degradation of the anatomical wax models of “La Specola” Museum as a result of a demixing process’


14:50         J. Diehl, Collection of the Kunstkammer and Imperial Treasury of the Kunsthistorisches Museum

                ‘The conservation of sixty scenes from Ovid’s Metamorphoses by Daniel Neuberger the Younger (KK_2460)’


15:10         B. Goldmann, Collection of the Kunstkammer and the Imperial Treasury of the Kunsthistorisches Museum Vienna

                ‘The end of transience? - The investigation, conservation and restoration of a Vanitas allegory to the death of the Emperor

                Ferdinand III by Daniel Neuberger the Younger’



Poster Session, Aula Cagnetto


16:10        A. Emmi, V. Macchi, A. Porzionato, R. Boscolo Berto, C. Tortorella, V. Gabriele, 

                R. De Caro, Section of Human Anatomy, Department of Neuroscience, University of Padua, Italy

                ‘From Models to Dissections: The Anatomical Ceroplastics of the Institute of Human Anatomy’


16:15         L. Faustini, S. Lotti, Fondazione Scienza e Tecnica of Florence.

                ‘The teaching of Phytoparasitology in the collections of the Istituto Tecnico Toscano of Florence’ 


16:20         E. Orsini1, A. Managlia2, M. Zoli3,4, M. Quaranta1, F.M. Galassi5, L. Manzoli1, 

                L. Leonardi1,2, 1Department of Biomedical and Neuromotor Sciences, 

                Human Anatomy section, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy, 2University Museum Network (SMA), University of Bologna,                                 Bologna, Italy, 3Department of Neurosurgery, DIBINEM, University of Bologna, Bologna, Italy, 

                4Pituitary Unit-Center for the Diagnosis and Treatment of Hypothalamic and Pituitary Diseases, IRCCS Istituto delle

                Scienze Neurologiche di Bologna, Bologna, Italy, 5Archaeology, College of Humanities, Arts and Social Sciences, Flinders                                 University, Adelaide, Australia

                ‘The story of an intriguing palaeo-endocrinological case at the “Luigi Cattaneo” Anatomical Wax Collection in Bologna’


16:25         A. Archibald, L. V. Angelova, Collection Care Department, The National Archives, Kew, United Kingdom 

                ‘Adhesives Testing on Artificially Aged Wax for Seal Repair’





16:30        Official presentation of the Museum Morgagni


16:45        Presentation of the Book of Proceedings, London 2017


16:50        Introduction to the next Congress in Mexico City in 2021


17:00         Visit to the Museum of Pathological Anatomy - Museum Morgagni



Collateral Events


09:00-18:00         Anatomo-Pathological Wax Modelling Demonstration 

            by Medical artist Eleanor Crook


09:00-18:00         Artistic-Devotional Wax Modelling Demonstration 

            by Master Artisan Marco Antonio Miranda Razo



Sunday 9th June 2019

Organised Visits to the City (Please contact:


10:00 – 12:00        Guided Tour 1 - Cappella Scrovegni / Museo Eremitani

10:00 – 12:00        Guided Tour 2 - Orto Botanico / Basilica di Santo Antonio

10:00 – 12:00        Guided Tour 3 - Piazze / Palazzo della Ragione

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